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viral gastroenteritis treatment

Gastroenteritis is a common infection of the bowel, with about 20 per cent of people in the UK being affected by it every year. Wash your hands thoroughly. Treatment mainly aims at preventive measures and self-care remedies which include: Allow your stomach to settle- avoid eating solid foods for a few hours. Ask your child's doctor if giving your child an oral rehydration solution, available without a prescription at pharmacies, would help. You can treat viral gastroenteritis by replacing lost fluids and electrolytes to prevent dehydration. Accessed Aug. 30, 2018. In most cases, the disease is not serious and will run its course in a few days. The symptoms often vanish on their own after a few days at most. If you're breast-feeding or using formula, continue to feed your child as usual. Treatment initially consists of self-care measures. The cause is typically a viral or bacterial infection.. Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu) is an infection of the intestines that causes diarrhea, abdominal cramping, vomiting, and even fever. For the rotavirus vaccine to be most effective, infants should receive the first dose by 15 weeks of age. In most cases of viral and bacterial gastroenteritis, basic supportive treatment is sufficient. However, rotavirus vaccines can prevent viral gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus. Get expert advice on stomach flu treatment, causes and symptoms. Talk with a doctor before giving your child an over-the-counter medicine. If a bacterial infection is suspected, your cat will receive antibiotics, whereas if a viral infection seems to be the cause of the issue, your cat will receive antiviral medication. Most cases of viral gastroenteritis clear up without specific medical treatment. Accessed Aug. 30, 2018. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). In some cases, your doctor may recommend probiotics. Rotavirus is commonly what causes gastroenteritis in children and in infants. Viral gastroenteritis symptoms typically come on approximately 12 to 48 hours after you are exposed to the virus and last for 1 to 3 days. Acute viral gastroenteritis in adults. Accessed Aug. 30, 2018. The treatment will depend on the suspected or diagnosed underlying cause of the gastroenteritis. Tweet. The flu vaccine does not protect against viral gastroenteritis. Wash fruits and vegetables before using them, and thoroughly cook oysters and other shellfish.7 Find tips to help keep food safe. Research shows that following a restricted diet does not help treat viral gastroenteritis. Drink extra fluids with and between meals. If you're breast-feeding, let your baby nurse. TTY: +1-866-569-1162, Email: healthinfo@niddk.nih.gov See a doctor for treatment. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. The most important goal of treatment is to maintain hydration status and effectively counter fluid and electrolyte losses. It just takes time for the viral infection to run its course. When food is reintroduced, white rice, broth, oatmeal, or other easily digestible foods are chosen. Given to children in the first year of life, the vaccine appears to be effective in preventing severe symptoms of this illness. For example, contaminated fruits, vegetables, and oysters have been linked to norovirus outbreaks. [7] Preventing norovirus infection. 2. Treatment initially consists of self-care measures. If you have bloody diarrhea or fever—signs of infections with bacteria or parasites—don’t use over-the-counter medicines to treat diarrhea. Stick with bland foods to reduce stress on your digestive system. There's often no specific medical treatment for viral gastroenteritis. If your child has symptoms of viral gastroenteritis, such as vomiting or diarrhea, don’t hesitate to call a doctor for advice. Symptoms of Gastroenteritis. http://www.cdc.gov/norovirus/. Some viral infections also involve fever, fatigue, headache and muscle pain. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/viral-gastroenteritis. Probiotics are live microbes, most often bacteria, that are like the ones you normally have in your digestive tract. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. If your child has viral gastroenteritis, you should give your child an oral rehydration solution—such as Pedialyte, Naturalyte, Infalyte, and CeraLyte—as directed to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Viral gastroenteritis. https:www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Blood is absent in the fecal matter. Stomach flu can be dangerous for people who have underlying health conditions, babies, and the elderly. How is viral gastroenteritis prevented? In some cases, adults can take over-the-counter medicines such as loperamide (Imodium) and bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate) to treat diarrhea caused by viral gastroenteritis. Researchers are still studying the use of probiotics to treat viral gastroenteritis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There's often no specific medical treatment for viral gastroenteritis. This may be accompanied by abdominal cramps. Skip to main content Skip to screen reader Search. It affects people of all ages, but is particularly common in young children. Emergent Treatment of Gastroenteritis Clinical Presentation: History ... Overview. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. If vomiting is a problem, try sipping small amounts of clear liquids. Although some people call viral gastroenteritis “stomach flu,” influenza (flu) viruses do not cause viral gastroenteritis. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. It's usually caused by a bacterial or viral tummy bug. Eating saltine crackers can also help replace electrolytes. Antibiotics don’t work for viral infections. Veterinary medication may be prescribed such as anti-sickness or anti-inflammatories Two vaccines, which infants receive by mouth, are approved to protect against rotavirus infections8. https://www.cdc.gov/rotavirus/about/index.html. Flu shot: Will it prevent the stomach flu? Have the symptoms been continuous, or do they come and go? When you have viral gastroenteritis, you may vomit after you eat or lose your appetite for a short time. In otherwise healthy adults, most cases of mild gastroenteritis go away within a few days. When your appetite returns, you can most often go back to eating your normal diet, even if you still have diarrhea. What Causes Gastroenteritis? A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. If you have viral gastroenteritis, avoid handling and preparing food for others while you are sick and for 2 days after your symptoms stop.7 People who have viral gastroenteritis may spread the virus to any food they handle, especially if they do not thoroughly wash their hands. Share. Menu. Treatment and prevention. Most cases in children are caused by a virus called rotavirus. These suggestions may help: If you have a sick infant, let your baby's stomach rest for 15 to 20 minutes after vomiting or a bout of diarrhea, then offer small amounts of liquid. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. What's the best treatment approach? The treatment of rotavirus diarrhea is based primarily on replacing fluids and electrolytes, as directed by the estimated degree of dehydration. When you have viral gastroenteritis, you may vomit after you eat or lose your appetite for a short time. Viral gastroenteritis is an infection of your intestines that typically causes watery diarrhea, pain or cramping in your abdomen, nausea or ... Contagious Period & Treatment. To help keep yourself more comfortable and prevent dehydration while you recover, try the following: When your child has an intestinal infection, the most important goal is to replace lost fluids and salts. Learn about gastroenteritis symptoms and treatments. In some cases, over-the-counter medicines may help relieve your symptoms. These medicines can be unsafe for infants and children. Once your nausea starts to subside, gradually resume a normal diet. Accessed Aug. 30, 2018. Updated August 12, 2016. 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