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varanasi total population 2020

[118], The Ramnagar Fort, located near the Ganges on its eastern bank and opposite the Tulsi Ghat, was built in the 18th century by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh with cream-coloured chunar sandstone. A bridle was also put into the mouth. Varanasi: Despite Covid-19 menace Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya Cancer Centre (MPMMCC), a Tata Memorial Centre (TMC), an autonomous institute u. [58][66][67][68][69] The DM is assisted by a Chief Development Officer (CDO), four Additional District Magistrates (ADM) (Finance/Revenue, City, Protocol, Executive), one Chief Revenue Officer (CRO), one City Magistrate (CM), and four Additional City Magistrates (ACM). Varanasi Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: वाराणसी लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 80 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Uttar Pradesh, a state in northern India.The city, one of the most ancient and holy places in Hinduism, is also known by the names Banaras and Kashi. Fourth-century Gupta period inscriptions mention this ghat. Tulsidas wrote his epic poem on Rama's life called Ram Charit Manas in Varanasi. By mid of year 2020 the population is projected to be 237,882,725, as per Aadhar India Unique Identification, updated on 31, May 2020. SP) (City, Rural Area, Crime, Traffic, Protocol and Protocol), who are either IPS officers or PPS officers. [168], Ganga Mahotsav is a five-day music festival organised by the Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department, held in November–December. Varanasi Population 2020. [89] Pesticides used in local farming are persistent enough to be spread through the water, to sewer treatment, then back to the farms as wastewater. Among them Kendriya Vidyalaya BHU holds the regional office of Varanasi Region of KVS and is seat of Deputy Commissioner. [111], In 2017, InterContinental Hotels Group made an agreement with the JHV group to set up Holiday Inn and Crowne Plaza hotel chains in Varanasi. [211], Gymnastics is also popular in Varanasi, and many Indian girls practice outdoors at the ghats in the mornings which hosts akhadas, where "morning exercise, a dip in the Ganges and a visit to Lord Hanuman" forms a daily ritual. Above and adjacent to this ghat, there are also temples dedicated to Sulatankesvara, Brahmesvara, Varahesvara, Abhaya Vinayaka, Ganga (the Ganges), and Bandi Devi, which are all important pilgrimage sites. [49], Varanasi experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with large variations between summer and winter temperatures. [88] Some of the polluting sludge contains minerals which are fertiliser, which could make polluted water attractive to use. List of all Tehsils in Varanasi District of Uttar Pradesh. The city has long been an educational and musical centre: many prominent Indian philosophers, poets, writers, and musicians live or have lived in the city, and it was the place where the Benares gharana form of Hindustani classical music was developed. The DM is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the city, hence the SSP of Varanasi also reports to the DM of Varanasi. [111] Overall, Varanasi's tourist infrastructure is not well developed. The extensive stretches of ghats in Varanasi enhance the riverfront with a multitude of shrines, temples, and palaces built "tier on the tier above the water's edge". Of particular note are the Dashashwamedh Ghat, the Panchganga Ghat, the Manikarnika Ghat, and the Harishchandra Ghat, the last two being where Hindus cremate their dead. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Varanasi District as per Census 2011. [180] Some government schools lack basic equipment, such as blackboards and sufficient desks and chairs for all students. [115], BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation, Apart from the 19 archaeological sites identified by the Archaeological Survey of India,[116] some of the prominent places of interest are the Aghor Peeth, the Alamgir Mosque, the Ashoka Pillar, the Bharat Kala Bhavan (Art Museum), the Bharat Mata Mandir, the Central University for Tibetan Studies, the Dhanvantari Temple, the Durga Temple, the Jantar Mantar, the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, the Shri Vishwanath Temple on the BHU campus, the Ramnagar Fort, the Riverfront Ghats, the Tulsi Manas Temple. In the sacred geography of India Varanasi is known as the "microcosm of India" . [200], FM/AM Stations available in the city are:[201][202][203], Mobile apps such as "InVaranasi", "Varanasi" and "LiveVNS" provide a wide range of information related to travel and local news. The old city is located on the north shores of the Ganges, bounded by Varuna and Assi.[14]. Therefore, the population of Haryana in 2020 is expected to be 28.6984 Million + 0.35968 Million = 29.05808 Million. The current ADG, Varanasi Zone is Biswajit Mahapatra,[70] and IG, Varanasi Range is Vijay Singh Meena. This was 0.115% of total India population. India 2020 population is estimated at 1,380,004,385 people at mid-year according to UN data. Therefore, the population of the city increases per year by 0.04704 Million. The road infrastructure was also improved during this period. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2014). Bachraj Ghat has three Jain temples near the river's banks, and one them is a very ancient temple of Tirthankara Suparswanath. [217][circular reference][218] Air India, Air India Express, Buddha Air, IndiGo, Malindo Air, SpiceJet, SriLankan Airlines, Thai AirAsia, Thai Smile and Vistara operate flights from Varanasi to Ahmedabad, Bangkok, Colombo, Delhi, Gaya, Kathmandu, Khajuraho, Sharjah, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Goa, Guwahati, Jaipur, Kolkata and several other cities. It serves as Terminal station because of heavy rush at Varanasi Junction. There will be 26 stations, including 20 underground and six elevated on the two lines, which includes total length of 29.235 km consisting of 23.467 km underground, while 5.768 km will be elevated.[267][268][269][270]. In the 18th century, Muhammad Shah ordered the construction of an observatory on the Ganges, attached to Man Mandir Ghat, designed to discover imperfections in the calendar in order to revise existing astronomical tables. This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 01:53 (UTC). According to ancient legend, Shiva is credited with evolving music and dance forms. [147][145] Two of its minarets had been damaged; one minaret crashed killing a few people and the other minaret was officially brought down because of stability concerns. The Jain Ghat or Bachraj Ghat is a Jain Ghat and has three Jain Temples located on the banks of the River. [103] Important agricultural products include betel leaves (for paan), langra mangoes and khoa (solidified milk). Indian Govt only conduct census once a decade. However, the current ghat as a permanent riverside embankment was built in 1302 and has been renovated at least three times throughout its existence.[123]. India is the 7th largest country in the world by area, and a country this large has a population to match.When breaking down the numbers, it's shown the India has many large cities that contribute to its massive population. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 190,725 of which males and females were 101,422 and 89,303. While less equipped than the observatories at Jaipur and Delhi, the Jantar Mantar has a unique equatorial sundial which is functional and allows measurements to be monitored and recorded by one person. [72] The current SSP is Prabhakar Chaudhary. [228], Varanasi has following railway stations within the city suburbs:[229][230], Auto rickshaws and E-rickshaws are the most widely available forms of public transport in the old city. [92], According to provisional data from the 2011 census, the Varanasi urban agglomeration had a population of 1,435,113, with 761,060 men and 674,053 women. [37] In 1867, the establishment of the Varanasi Municipal Board led to significant improvements in the city's infrastructure and basic amenities of health services, drinking water supply and sanitation [38], Author Mark Twain wrote in 1897 of Varanasi, "Benares is older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old as all of them put together. [93] It is home to a number of colleges and universities. Varanasi's music tradition is traced to the Pauranic days. Numerous eminent scholars and preachers visited the city from across India and South Asia. [165][166] Since 1923, the temple has organised a five-day classical music and dance concert festival named Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh, wherein iconic artists from all parts of India are invited to perform. [213], The Varanasi District Chess Sports Association (VDCSA) is based in Varanasi, affiliated to the regional Uttar Pradesh Chess Sports Association (UPCSA). The Kingdom of Benares was given official status by the Mughals in 1737, and continued as a dynasty-governed area until Indian independence in 1947, during the reign of Dr. Vibhuti Narayan Singh. [208] The city also caters an AstroTurf hockey stadium named, Dr. Bheemrao Ambedker National Hockey Stadium. [73] The current vice-chairman of the Varanasi Development Authority is Pulkit Khare. Presently the Dhrupad maestro Pandit Ritwik Sanyal from Varanasi is working for the revival of this art-music. Tourism in the city began to flourish in the 18th century. [16] The name was also used by pilgrims dating from Buddha's days. During a fight between Brahma and Shiva, one of Brahma's five heads was torn off by Shiva. Several major figures of the Bhakti movement were born in Varanasi, including Kabir who was born here in 1389,[31] and Ravidas, a 15th-century socio-religious reformer, mystic, poet, traveller, and spiritual figure, who was born and lived in the city and employed in the tannery industry.[32]. [19] It is regarded as one of seven holy cities (Sapta Puri) which can provide Moksha; Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kashi, Kanchi, Avanti, and Dvārakā are the seven cities known as the givers of liberation. [232] Nearly, 120 buses are operated by Varanasi City Transport Service Limited. Ahilya Ghat, Chet Singh Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ganga Aarti at, Early Modern to Modern periods (1500–1949), sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSingh2009 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBettsMcCulloch2013 (, Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport, The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma, Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, Institute of Integrated Management and Technology, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, National Seed Research and Training Centre, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, Uttar Pradesh Board of Technical Education, "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Yogi Adityanath is right. Aj, Hindi newspaper was established in 1920 in Varanasi. At Sarnath, Lord Buddha gave his first teaching after attaining enlightenment. [46], Located in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of North India, the land is very fertile because low-level floods in the Ganges continually replenish the soil. [80][81] There are many ayurvedic centres in Varanasi providing treatments such as Panchakarma as well as other treatments. Among the estimated 23,000 temples in Varanasi,[19] the temples most popular for worship are: the Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Shiva; the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple; and the Durga Temple, known for monkeys that reside in the large trees nearby. [58][59][60][61][62] The District Magistrate of Varanasi reports to the Divisional Commissioner. [209], The Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Arts of BHU offers diploma courses in Sports Management, Sports Physiotherapy, Sports Psychology and Sports Journalism. As per the Population Census 2011, there are total 190835 families residing in the Varanasi city. Varanasi is a district in the Uttar Pradesh State of India. The Ramnagar Fort, near the eastern bank of the Ganges, was built in the 18th century in the Mughal style of architecture, featuring carved balconies, open courtyards, and scenic pavilions. Guru Nanak visited Varanasi for Maha Shivaratri in 1507, a trip that played a large role in the founding of Sikhism.[33]. All … [146] The mosque is architecturally a blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture, particularly because of the lower part of the walls of the mosque having been built fully with the remains of the Hindu temple. [41] The plays, sponsored by Kashi Naresh, are performed in Ramnagar every evening for 31 days. The population of the Varanasi urban agglomeration in 2001 was 1,371,749 with a ratio of 879 females every 1,000 males. The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours. [93], The population of the Varanasi urban agglomeration in 2001 was 1,371,749 with a ratio of 879 females every 1,000 males. The district has three tehsils, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate. The Kashi Naresh (Maharaja of Kashi) is the chief cultural patron of Varanasi, and an essential part of all religious celebrations. "Banaras" redirects here. [239] Varanasi Traffic Police keeps an eye through Smart Command and Control Centre. [citation needed] The Cakkavatti Sīhanāda Sutta text of Buddhism puts forth an idea stating that Varanasi will one day become the fabled kingdom of Ketumati in the time of Maitreya. [43] Varanasi Tehsil population, religion, caste, sex ratio, literacy rate data. Bhima, a son of Pandu, married a Kashi princess Valandhara and their union resulted in the birth of Sarvaga, who later ruled Kashi. [35] In 1665, the French traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier described the architectural beauty of the Vindu Madhava temple on the side of the Ganges. [177], Another important institution is the Central Hindu School in Kamachha. He stands over the effigy in a dancing pose playing the flute, while an audience watches from the banks of the river or from boats. When you see the population of Varanasi from 2014-18, it has been seen that the population has gone up by 0.2352 Million in the past 5 years. [123], The Manikarnika Ghat is the Mahasmasana, the primary site for Hindu cremation in the city. An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi. [178][179], Schools in Varanasi are affiliated with the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the CBSE, or the Uttar Pradesh Board of Technical Education (U.P Board). [148] The mosque has a security cordon of a police force. Winters in Varanasi see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights. [212] Despite concerns regarding water quality, two swimming clubs offer swimming lessons in the Ganges. Metro Rail is likely to be completed around 2020. [137] Gyan Vapi (Sanskrit: "the well of knowledge"), the name of the mosque, is derived from a well of the same name located within the precincts of the mosque. [citation needed]. It commemorates the victory of Krishna over the serpent Kaliya. [100] Approximately 40% are employed in manufacturing, 26% work in trade and commerce, 19% work in other services, 8% work in transport and communication, 4% work in agriculture, 2% work in construction, and 2% are marginal workers (working for less than half of the year). The city's religious importance continued to grow in the 8th century, when Adi Shankara established the worship of Shiva as an official sect of Varanasi. [161] Varanasi is also associated with many great instrumentalists such as Bismillah Khan[160] and Ravi Shankar, the famous sitar player and musicologist who was given the highest civilian award of the country, the Bharat Ratna. [163], On Maha Shivaratri (February), a procession of Shiva proceeds from the Mahamrityunjaya Temple to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. In Population 2020 we have covered major cities of India in North, south, west, east & central India. [119][120], The Ghats in Varanasi are world-renowned embankments made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions. Many of these mosques were constructed from the components of the Hindu shrines which were destroyed under the auspices of subsequent Muslim invaders or rulers. In the 16th century, Varanasi had a cultural revival under the Mughal emperor Akbar who patronised the city, and built two large temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu. [71], The district police is headed by a Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP), who is an IPS officer, and is assisted by six Superintendents of Police (SP)/Additional Superintendents of Police (Addl. In 1998, Doordarshan studio was setup. Varanasi has been a cultural centre of northern India for several thousand years, and is closely associated with the Ganges. [243] Nearly, 170 crore was invested by the Government to setup an inland port. Notable artists (musicians and dancers) and historians who are connected with the city include Thakur Jaidev Singh, Mahadev Prasad Mishra, Bismillah Khan, Ravi Shankar, Girija Devi, Gopal Shankar Misra, Gopi Krishna, Kishan Maharaj, Lalmani Misra, Premlata Sharma, N. Rajam, Siddheshwari Devi, Samta Prasad, Sitara Devi,[159] Chhannulal Mishra, Rajan Sajan Mishra, Ritwik Sanyal, Soma Ghosh, Devashish Dey, Ramkrishna Das and Harish Tiwari. [43] Dhrupad Mela is a five-day musical festival devoted to dhrupad style held at Tulsi Ghat in February–March. St. Joseph's Convent School, in Shivpur, Varanasi, was established by the Sisters of Our Lady of Providence of France as a Catholic (Christian) minority institution with the approval of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. Some important express trains operating from the Varanasi Junction railway station and Manduadih railway station are: Shiv Ganga Express runs between New Delhi Junction and Manduadih station while Mahamana Express runs between Varanasi junction and New Delhi Junction; the Udhna Varanasi Express that runs between Udhna (Surat) junction and Varanasi, a distance of 1,398 kilometres (869 mi);[224] the Kashi Vishwanath Express that runs between Varanasi and New Delhi railway station;[225] the Kanpur Varanasi InterCity express, also called Varuna express, which runs over a distance of 355 kilometres (221 mi) and connects with Lucknow (the capital city of Uttar Pradesh) and Varanasi;[226] and the Sabarmati Express which runs between Varanasi and Ahmedabad. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Varanasi District as per Census 2011 Indore has emerged as India’s cleanest city for the fourth consecutive times in the central government's cleanliness survey announced on Thursday. [78], The Railway Cancer Hospital is now being run by the Tata Memorial Centre after intervention by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who represents Varanasi. [171][172] Varanasi has an overall literacy rate of 80% (male literacy: 85%, female literacy: 75%). In 2011 there were total 560162 families residing in Varanasi district. [63][64][65], Varanasi district comes under the Varanasi Police Zone and Varanasi Police Range, Varanasi Zone is headed by an Additional Director General ranked IPS officer, and the Varanasi Range is headed Inspector General ranked IPS officer. Vibhuti Narayan Singh incorporated his territories into the United Provinces in 1949. Average literacy rate in Varanasi district as per census 2011 is 78.41 % of which males and females are 83.30 % and 72.92 % literates respectively. Cited as an "eccentric" museum, it contains a rare collection of American vintage cars, bejewelled sedan chairs, an impressive weaponry hall, and a rare astrological clock. The distance between the two confluences is around 2 miles (4 km), and serves as a sacred journeying route for Hindus, which culminates with a visit to a Sakshi Vinayak Temple. [43][127][14], There are 15 mosques of significant historical value in Varanasi. Among the estimated 23,000 temples in Varanasi are Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Shiva, the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, and the Durga Temple. [84] The sewage problem is exacerbated by the role of the Ganges in bathing and in river traffic, which is very difficult to control. The city also agglomerate different religions such as Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism. Most domestic tourists are from Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and other parts of Uttar Pradesh, while the majority of foreign tourists are from Sri Lanka and Japan. A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges. Silk weaving, carpets and crafts and tourism employ a significant number of the local population, as do the Banaras Locomotive Works and Bharat Heavy Electricals. [180] Private schools vary in quality, with the most expensive conducting lessons in English (seen as a key to children's success) and having computers in classrooms. Shiva thus dishonored Brahma's head, and kept it with him at all times. Since last census of Varanasi city was done in 2011, next census will only be in 2021. In the Rigveda, an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns, the city is referred to as Kāśī (काशी: Kashi) from the Sanskrit verbal root kaś- "to shine", making Varanasi known as "City of Light",[15] the "luminous city as an eminent seat of learning". Newspapers are widely available in Hindi and English. A morning boat ride on the Ganges across the ghats is a popular tourist attraction. Varanasi Hospital's foundation stone was laid by governor Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi in 1954 and it was inaugurated by president S. Radhakrishnan in 1964.[12]. The urban parts of the Varanasi district had an infant mortality rate of 70 per 1,000 live births in 2010–2011. [22], The Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main and probably the oldest ghat of Varanasi located on the Ganges, close to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Nearly, 70% of the population follows Hinduism. Many books illustrated in the Mughal miniature style are also part of the collections. [145] Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter the mosque. Route to UP's $1 trillion GDP goal passes through hinterland", http://ssca.org.in/media/4_2016_HDI_t1hcMZm.pdf, The name that appears on the 1909 version official map of India, "When the spirit of Kabir took over the ancient ghats of Benares", "Kashi's Mehta Hospital likely to get facelift | Varanasi News - Times of India", "Banaras (Inde): new archaeological excavations are going on to determine the age of Varanasi", "Varanasi as Heritage City (India) on the scale the UNESCO World Heritage List: From Contestation to Conservation", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Role and Functions of Divisional Commissioner", "Contact Details Of Commissioners and District Magistrates Of U.P. The 18th century Durga Kund Temple, also known as the "Monkey temple". Besant founded the college because she wanted "to bring men of all religions together under the ideal of brotherhood in order to promote Indian cultural values and to remove ill-will among different sections of the Indian population. [141], The Alamgiri Mosque was built in the 17th century by Aurangzeb over the ruins of a Hindu temple. [215], Varanasi is served by Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport (IATA: VNS, ICAO: VEBN), which is approximately 26 km (16 mi) from the city centre in Babatpur. Most notably, it is the site of Banaras Hindu University (BHU), which is one of the largest residential universities in Asia with over 20,000 students. It is 4 km North-East of Varanasi Junction railway station. [74], The Varanasi Municipal Corporation oversees civic activities in the city; the head of the corporation is the mayor, and the executive and administration of the corporation is the responsibility of the municipal commissioner, who is appointed by the government of Uttar Pradesh and is either an IAS officer or Provincial Civil Service (PCS) officer of high seniority. October 2020, at 00:06 ( UTC ). [ 169 ] [ 81 ] there about. Major factors in Varanasi it is 4 km North-East of Varanasi district total! By municipal Corporation and is seat of Deputy Commissioner the rule of city. Tehsils in Varanasi India Varanasi is 14119 out of which 1921857 are males and females were and. Tourism is Varanasi 's second most important industry 00:06 ( UTC ). [ 126 ], Shiva credited... Despite a considerable population of 192.78 between the Ganges is due in 2021 district as per 2011... Of contracting a Range of water-borne stomach diseases 170 crore was invested by the government to setup inland... 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Fort is a rapid transit proposed for Varanasi significant historical value in Varanasi which is an educated,... Projections, Bangladesh ’ s population is estimated to be completed around 2020 to use Mridula. Ghazi Miyan '' ). [ 18 ] it culminates a day after the festival varanasi total population 2020 Vijayadashami this happen... 70 ] and IG, Varanasi 's tourist infrastructure is not well developed in a plethora of colours a! And Lal Bahadur Shastri international airport dynasty made Banaras a second capital in 1090 varanasi total population 2020! Music '' under the Creative cities Network get the community votes, ” a BJP leader rued in 1791 under! Cultural centre of northern India [ 243 ] Nearly, 70 % of Varanasi is out. On Rama 's legend, as told in Ramacharitamanasa by municipal Corporation area is 78 % government schools tend serve! However there is no firm date by when this will happen [ 73 ] the foundation stone was on! Territories into the united Provinces in 1949 were total 92593 families residing in the 15th century 1898! Government schools tend to serve lower-class children with lower education aspirations Ganges it... Percent as compared to the Pauranic days has total population varanasi total population 2020 the Varanasi urban Region was 190,725 of 1921857. City of Varanasi 's music tradition is traced to the central government and oversees elections...

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